Constructive Alignment

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Constructive alignment is a relation of appropriate arrangement of learning objectives, learning activities and assessment tasks to support effective education. Constructive alignment is related to outcome-based education – a shift in approach from focus on content to focus on what the student is able to do after learning. Constructive alignment starts with setting learning objectives. Then learning activities need to be selected that fit the learning objectives. Finally, it is important to plan assessments that correspond to what was planned the student should learn. For instance if the learning objective  is to demonstrate clinical reasoning skills you cannot teach it in facts-overloaded lectures for large audiences and assess it with knowledge-oriented multiple-choice tests.

You may find more information on constructive alignment here:

Biggs, J. B. 2003. Aligning Teaching for Constructing Learning. York, UK: The Higher Education Academy. (Link)

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