Deliberate Practice

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Deliberate practice is defined as “practice that has a well-defined goal and tasks in which learners are motivated to improve, provided with feedback, and given opportunities for repetition and gradual refinements of their performance.” [Kotwal21]. Deliberate practice relies on the role of a teacher/coach to provide individualized feedback to revise attempts to reach the desired goal and level of performance. In case direct coaching is not possible, this role can be played by technology (e.g. by simulators or virtual patient simulations).

Kotwal S, Fanai M, Fu W, Wang Z, Bery AK, Omron R, Tevzadze N, Gold D, Garibaldi BT, Wright SM, Newman-Toker DE. Real-world virtual patient simulation to improve diagnostic performance through deliberate practice: a prospective quasi-experimental study. Diagnosis (Berl). 2021;8(4):489-96.

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