Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are online courses that contain open and freely available educational resources in the form of digitized materials for educators, students, and self-learners to use and reuse in teaching, learning, and research. Their “massive” characteristic refers to the fact that these courses are offered asynchronously to a large number of individuals (typically more than 500, but possibly up to 100.000 participants). Besides benefitting from digitized course materials, MOOCs allow users to interact with other learners, and share the learned materials with others through the MOOC platform. MOOCs are usually designed and offered by universities in partnership with online platforms such as Coursera, edX, or FutureLearn.
- Hew KF, Cheung WS. Students’ and instructors’ use of massive open online courses (MOOCs): Motivations and challenges. Educational research review. 2014;12:45-58. (Link)