A simulated patient (SP) is a human actor who plays the role of an actual patient with a specific condition in a realistic way, used in simulated scenarios for teaching communication and physical examination skills. Simulated patients can be additionally trained to give feedback and assess students. They are usually lay people but sometimes also volunteer patients. If the emphasis of training a simulated patient is to portray the disease consistently which does not vary from student to student (e.g. feature used in OSCE exams), they are also called standardized patients.
Cleland JA, Abe K, Rethans JJ. The use of simulated patients in medical education: AMEE Guide No 42. Med Teach. 2009;31(6):477-86. (Link)« Back to Glossary Index