Summative assessment

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The goal of summative assessment is to evaluate student learning at the end of a defined instructional period (e.g unit, course, project, semester, academic year) by comparing it against some standard or benchmark. It is a decision-making process regarding the competence of the assessed learner. There are many assessment instruments available in medical education (e.g. written examination as MCQ-test; practice-oriented OSCE examination, workplace-based as Mini-CEX) with different characteristics. The quality of assessment instruments is demonstrated by their reliability and validity. No single tool can cover all medical competences nor have psychometric properties superior to all other forms of examination. For that reason the recommendation is to select an assessment tool depending on the intended aspect of medical competence.

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