Learning objectives, also known as intended learning outcomes, are statements that define the knowledge, skills and attitudes students should acquire or develop by the end of a particular assignment, class, course, or program. Learning objectives help students understand why that knowledge and those skills will be useful to them. According to Gronlund et al. “they help to articulate what students should be able to do as a result of the instruction and consequently aid in designing more effective instruction planning, activities, and assessments” [Gronlund 2000]. Well-designed learning objectives define educational goals to help learners assess their proficiency and achievements of a desired outcome [Hui 2021].
Gronlund, N. How to write and use instructional objectives. Merrill, 2000. (Link)
Hui M, Mansoor M, Sibbald M. Are Simulation Learning Objectives Educationally Sound? A Single-Center Cross-Sectional Study. Simulation in Healthcare: The Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare. 2021;16(2): 105-13. (Link)